Universal Organ Donation: Blood Type Doesn’t Matter

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Universal Organ Donation: Blood Type Doesn't Matter

THURSDAY, Feb. 17, 2022

It is doable to create “common” donor organs that will get rid of the necessity to match transplant donor and recipient blood types, researchers report.

“With the present matching system, wait occasions may be significantly longer for sufferers who want a transplant relying on their blood type,” mentioned senior examine writer Dr. Marcelo Cypel, surgical director of the Ajmera Transplant Centre, College Well being Community (UHN) in Toronto.

“Having common organs means we might get rid of the blood-matching barrier and prioritize sufferers by medical urgency, saving extra lives and losing much less organs,” added Cypel. He’s a thoracic surgeon at UHN, a professor within the division of surgical procedure on the College of Toronto, and the Canada Analysis Chair in Lung Transplantation.

The researchers mentioned their proof-of-concept examine is a major step towards creating common sort O organs for transplantation.

The necessity to match donor and recipient blood types can lead to lengthy waits for some individuals in transplant waiting lists. For instance, sufferers with sort O blood have to attend a median of two occasions longer for a lung transplant than these with type A blood, in keeping with examine first writer Aizhou Wang, a scientific affiliate at Cypel’s lab.

“This interprets into mortality. Sufferers who’re sort O and want a lung transplant have a 20% greater danger of dying whereas ready for a matched organ to turn out to be out there,” Wang mentioned in a UHN information launch.

She pointed to different examples. A affected person with sort O or B who wants a kidney transplant will look ahead to a median of 4 to 5 years, in comparison with two to 3 years for individuals with sorts A or AB.

“Should you convert all organs to common sort O, you may get rid of that barrier fully,” Wang mentioned.

Blood type is decided by antigens on the floor of red blood cells. On this examine, the researchers used an ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) system, which is generally used to pump fluids by means of donor lungs to arrange them for transplantation.

However on this case, the examine authors used human donor lungs from type A donors that weren’t appropriate for transplantation. One lung was handled with a bunch of enzymes to clear the blood type-determining antigens from its floor, whereas the opposite lung was untreated.

The crew then added sort O blood to the EVLP and located that the handled lungs had been properly tolerated whereas the untreated lungs confirmed indicators of rejection.

The findings had been revealed Feb. 16 within the journal Science Translational Medication.

The researchers at the moment are making ready a proposal for a medical trial throughout the subsequent 12 to 18 months.

Extra info

There’s extra on organ transplantation on the United Network for Organ Sharing.

SOURCE: College Well being Community, information launch, Feb. 16, 2022

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